Notices for Death Penalty and Other Information - Archive

1/13/2017 - Explore both sides of this debate with quotes from Martin O'Malley, former Governor of Maryland (Pro), Edward Koch, former Mayor of New York City (Con), Barack Obama, 44th President of the United States (Pro), and Roger Clegg, General Counsel at the Center for Equal Opportunity (Con), among others.

1/13/2017 - Explore both sides of this debate with quotes from Ernie Chambers, Nebraska State Senator (Pro), Michele Hanisee, Deputy District Attorney for the County of Los Angeles (Con), the United Nations General Assembly (Pro), and Antonin Scalia, former Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court (Con), among others.

12/16/2016 - Read pro and con quotes from experts and organizations on 10 issues associated with the death penalty debate: morality, constitutionality, deterrence, retribution, irrevocable mistakes, cost of death vs. life in prison, race, closure for victims' families, attorney quality, and physician participation in executions.

12/16/2016 - Explore both sides of this debate with quotes from attorneys Kenneth F. Baum and Julie Cantor (Pro), Former Chair of the American Medical Association Ardis Dee Hoven (Con), Harvard Medical School professor Robert Truog (Pro), and the California Medical Association (Con), among others.

11/9/2016 - On Nov. 8, 2016, citizens of Nebraska voted to reinstate the death penalty, which had been abolished by the state legislature in 2015.

10/31/2016  - We thank the teachers in 8,369 schools that have used our free resources in your instructional materials. Our amazing community consists of 2,461 elementary and middle schools (29.4%), 4,160 high schools (49.7%), and 1,748 colleges and universities (20.9%) in all 50 states and 87 countries. Visit the Teachers’ Corner to find your school and see how educators are using in the classroom. Or join the community by taking our 2-minute survey.

8/19/2016 - has been cited by authors such as Glenn Beck, Tavis Smiley, Mark Bittman, Newt Gingrich, Condoleezza Rice, and Joseph Stiglitz. See the 48 books that have referenced our research in 2016 so far.

6/14/2016 - Our free resources have been used by teachers, librarians, and administrators in all 50 US states and 87 countries. The breakdown is 2,282 elementary and middle schools (29.4%), 3,818 high schools (49.2%), and 1,662 colleges and universities (21.4%). Thank you to educators around the world for using to help your students to better understand issues and perspectives, and to develop their own informed opinions and voices.

4/21/2016 - The televised debates between Gore Vidal and William F. Buckley during the 1968 political conventions are explored in this award-winning documentary. Use our discussion guide to spark a thought-provoking conversation – in your classroom or your living room – about American politics, past and present.

3/31/2016 - Our 55th website explores the pros and cons in the debate over increasing the minimum wage. The federal minimum wage was introduced in the 1930s by President Roosevelt and has been increased by Congress 22 times, most recently in 2009 to reach its current level of $7.25 an hour. Proponents say the current federal minimum wage is too low for anyone to live on; and that a higher minimum wage will help create jobs, grow the economy, and decrease wage inequality. Opponents say that many businesses cannot afford to pay their workers more and will be forced to close, lay off workers, and reduce hiring; that an increase makes it more difficult for low-skilled workers with little or no experience to find jobs; and that low-income communities are disproportionately harmed by wage raises at the federal level.

3/25/2016 - Find 86 quotes on critical thinking from Socrates, Marie Curie, Jean Piaget, Malala Yousafzai, and others.

1/22/2016 - has been referenced by 24 international governments (includes inter-governmental organizations, dependencies, and areas of special sovereignty), 22 US federal entities, and 33 US state governments.

1/20/2016  - Our free resources have been used by teachers, librarians, and administrators in all 50 US states and 85 countries. The breakdown is 2,072 elementary and middle schools (29.5%), 3,478 high schools (49.5%), and 1,476 colleges and universities (21.0%). A big thank you to educators around the world for helping us spread the word about critical thinking!

1/8/2016 - Explore 75 quotes about critical thinking from thinkers including Carl Sagan, bell hooks, and Cornel West.

1/4/2016 - More than 130 books referenced our research in 2015 – from textbooks in sociology and counseling to health books about diabetes and cancer to educational books about English Language Arts and critical thinking.

8/13/2015 - The Connecticut Supreme Court ruled that the state can non longer impose the death penalty.

7/1/2015 - Death Row Inmates, 1953-2013 - There were 2,979 inmates on death row in the United States in 2013 and 39 of them (1.30%) were executed. Most inmates who left death row did so because their sentences or convictions were overturned (58.2%), not because of execution (24.8%).

6/29/2015 - Supreme Court Upholds Use of Execution Drug Midazolam - Justice Samuel Alito wrote for the majority; Chief Justice John Roberts and Justices Antonin Scalia, Anthony Kennedy, and Clarence Thomas joined in the 5-4 ruling.

6/24/2015  - Judge Formally Sentences Boston Marathon Bomber to Death

6/5/2015 - 31 States with the Death Penalty and 19 States with Death Penalty Bans - View our newly updated death penalty state laws page. The most recent state to abolish the death penalty was Nebraska on May 27, 2015.

5/27/2015 - Nebraska Legislature Abolishes the Death Penalty - On May 27, 2015 the Nebraska Legislature overrode the governor's veto of a bill that repealed the state's death penalty law. The death penalty is now legal in 31 states and illegal in 19 states (and DC).

5/18/2015 -, America's Most Popular Resource for the Pros and Cons of Issues, Expands to Serve More than 6,000 Schools – 6,152 teachers, librarians, and administrators in all 50 states and 80 countries have used in their educational materials. We found 3,092 high schools (50.3%), 1,718 elementary and middle schools (27.9%), and 1,342 colleges and universities (21.8%) where educators referenced The lesson plan ideas and teacher reactions to using are available in our Teachers' Corner. If you are an educator, please take our 2-minute survey and let us know how you use!

5/15/2015 - Boston Marathon Bomber Gets the Death Penalty - A jury in Boston voted to execute Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, despite popular opposition to the death penalty in Massachusetts. Tsarnaev, age 21, becomes the youngest person on federal death row.

4/15/2015 - Should Dzhokhar Tsarnaev Get the Death Penalty? - To help people better understand the Boston Marathon bomber trial and issues surrounding the death penalty in general, we present several pro and con quotes about whether or not Tsarnaev should get the death penalty. We also include a summary of the attack, the trial, and the sentencing phase, along with a list of related links.

4/15/2015 - Is Life in Prison without Parole a Better Option Than the Death Penalty? - Read pro and con quotes from the ACLU (pro), Kenneth E. Hartman, a prisoner serving life without parole (con), Donald McCartin, former California Superior Court judge who presided over nine death penalty sentences (pro), David R. Dow, a death row lawyer (con), and more.

3/24/2015 - Utah Reinstates Use of the Firing Squad - On Mar. 23, 2015, Utah Gov. Gary R. Herbert signed legislation legalizing the firing squad as a backup method of execution when lethal injection drugs are not available.

3/4/2015 - US Department of Labor Cites for Its 'Up-to-Date Information' on Same-Sex Marriage - Another example of the utility and credibility of at the highest levels of government. To date, 24 international governments, 30 US state governments, and 10 federal agencies have referenced research.

3/3/2015 - 20 Lesson Plan Ideas with Common Core Correlations – Free curricula to help teach counterargument, distinguish fact from opinion, analyze primary sources, build research speed, and other thoughtful lessons related to critical thinking. Lessons are listed by grade level and include adaptations and Common Core standards met.

2/6/2015 Educators in 5,758 schools have used Our free resources have been used by teachers, librarians, and administrators in all 50 US states and 73 countries. The breakdown is 1,529 elementary and middle schools (26.6%), 2,911 high schools (50.5%), and 1,318 colleges and universities (22.9%). A big thank you to educators around the world for helping us spread the word about critical thinking!

2/3/2015 - Governments That Have Used – research has now been used by 24 international governments, inter-governmental organizations, dependencies, and areas of special sovereignty. Recent additions include Germany, Spain, and the United Nations.

1/29/2015 - RSS, Social, Newsletter – Get Your Latest Updates – You can now get customized RSS updates on one, two, three, or all of our topics. Pick and choose the issues you care about most, and when we publish updates you'll be the first to know. Another free resource from the friendly folks at

1/23/2015 - 101 Books Cited in 2014 – a 48.5% Increase over 2013 – Authors who have cited in the past include Glenn Beck, Mark Bittman, Newt Gingrich, Stefan Halper, Dick Morris, Condoleezza Rice, Michael Schmoker, Tavis Smiley, and Joseph Stiglitz.

1/21/2015 - referenced 462 times by media outlets in 2014 - News organizations such as Wall Street Journal, New York Times, USA Today, Washington Post, Forbes, Rolling Stone, PBS, and ESPN cited and linked to our research 462 times in 2014, a 34% increase over 2013.

1/9/2015 - 50 Famous Quotes about Critical Thinking - Read illustrated quotes about critical thinking from Albert Einstein, Thomas Jefferson, Martin Luther King, Jr., and other famous thinkers from Aristotle to Howard Zinn.

12/16/2014 – Teachers’ Corner – Check out our new and improved Teachers’ Corner for free lesson plan ideas, critical thinking resources, info on Common Core, and examples of how to use from more than 5,000 educators around the world.

12/15/2014 – Is There Really a Santa Claus? – He's jolly and generous, but is he real? Our new holiday-themed site explores the legend of Santa Claus. Read the arguments from both sides and then decide for yourself: Is Santa Claus man or myth?

11/24/2014 – Critical Thinking Seminar – Our seminar teaches critical thinking in a hands-on, interactive format. Read about this new lesson plan idea for teachers, see which Common Core standards it addresses, and watch a short video showing the seminar in action.

11/21/2014  Which topics should cover in 2015? – Net neutrality? Common Core? Minimum wage? Affirmative action? GMOs? Something else? What do YOU think? You can vote for as many subjects as you like, or suggest some of your own.

10/8/2014 – NEW Website! – Local Elections – Since our presidential election websites helped millions of people decide whom to vote for, many readers have asked to cover local elections. For the first time ever, and in a more limited capacity, we have brought our unique brand of election coverage to local elections starting with Santa Monica, California where we are based. Our 52nd website gathers views from the Santa Monica city council, school board, and college board candidates on important community issues. Click on a candidate, click on an issue, or take the quiz to see which candidate best matches your views. More than 600,000 people took a similar version of our quiz for the 2012 presidential election.

9/10/2014 – NEW Website! – Should students have to wear school uniforms? - Our 51st website explores the pros and cons in the debate over mandatory school uniforms. Almost one in five US public schools required students to wear uniforms during the 2011-2012 school year, up from one in eight in 2003-2004. Proponents say that school uniforms make schools safer for students, create a "level playing field" that reduces socioeconomic disparities, and encourage children to focus on their studies rather than their clothes. Opponents say school uniforms infringe upon students' right to express their individuality, have no positive effect on behavior and academic achievement, and emphasize the socioeconomic disparities they are intended to disguise.

7/25/2014 – Educators in 5,216 schools have used Our free resources have been used by teachers, librarians, and administrators in all 50 US states and 66 countries. The breakdown is 1,335 elementary and middle schools (25.6%), 2,618 high schools (50.2%), and 1,263 colleges and universities (24.2%). Thank you to all the educators around the world who are helping us promote critical thinking!

7/22/2014 – 10th Anniversary Contests and Prizes - Help celebrate our 10th anniversary by entering our Facebook, Twitter, and Google+ contests to win a $100 Amazon gift card or a hat!

7/16/2014 - California's Death Penalty Ruled Unconstitutional by Federal Judge - On July 16, 2014, US District Judge Cormac J. Carney ruled that California's death penalty violates the constitutional ban on cruel and unusual punishment.

7/16/2014 – Over 300 Books Cite – 308 books have used our research, including 38 so far in 2014. Topics referenced this year include medical marijuana, euthanasia, prostitution, and gay marriage. Notable authors who have mentioned in their books include Glenn Beck, Mark Bittman, Newt Gingrich, Dick Morris, Condoleezza Rice, Michael Schmoker, and Tavis Smiley.

5/30/2014 - Tennessee Passes Law Allowing the State to Electrocute Death Row Inmates - On May 22, 2014 Tennessee Governor Bill Haslam signed a bill into law allowing the state to electrocute death row inmates in the event prisons are unable to obtain lethal injection drugs.

5/8/2014 Educators in over 5,000 schools have used Our free resources have been used by teachers, librarians, and administrators in all 50 states and 66 countries (the latest was Egypt). The breakdown is 1,229 elementary and middle schools (24.6%), 2,547 high schools (50.9%), and 1,226 colleges and universities (24.5%). For this Teacher Appreciation Week, we say THANK YOU to the educators, our partners in promoting critical thinking, who helped us reach this milestone achievement.

3/12/2014 – NEW VIDEOCritical Thinking Video Series: Felon Voting – Should felons be allowed to vote? Some people argue that felon voting laws are unfair and racially discriminatory, while others say that felons have forfeited the right to vote by committing a crime. Explore both sides of the debate in's latest video.

2/5/2014 - 270 Books Citing - 68 books in 2013 referenced our research. Our websites on gay marriage, immigration, medical marijuana, and prostitution garnered the most citations. Notable authors who have referenced in their books include: Glenn Beck, Mark Bittman, Newt Gingrich, Stefan Halper, Dick Morris, Condoleezza Rice, Michael Schmoker, Tavis Smiley, and Joseph Stiglitz.

2/3/2014 - received 343 media references in 2013 compared to 285 in 2012. Notable 2013 media references included The Atlantic, Business Insider, CNN, Deadpsin, Forbes, The Guardian, Los Angeles Times, MSNBC, New York Times, NPR, PBS, Psychology Today, Reuters, TIME, USA Today, U.S. News & World Report, Wall Street Journal, and Washington Post.

1/30/2014 – Educators in More than 4,500 Schools in All 50 States and Over 65 Countries Use – We expanded the number of schools where educators use from 3,560 schools at the end of 2012 to 4,571 schools at the end of 2013 – an increase of 1,011 schools (28.4%). By level, those schools include: 1,053 elementary and middle schools (23%), 2,356 high schools (51.6%), and 1,162 colleges and universities (25.4%). Check out our updated resource to look up your school and nearby schools, find new lessons, learn new ways to use, and get inspired.

1/16/2014 - Governments That Use – is now used by 17 international governments including Ecuador, Iran, Japan, Portugal, South Korea, and Taiwan.

12/19/2013 NEW Website! - Should the United States continue its use of drone strikes abroad? - Our 50th website explores the pros and cons in the debate over US drone strikes. Proponents say that drones have decimated terrorist networks abroad via precise strikes with minimum civilian casualties. They contend that drones are relatively inexpensive weapons, are used under proper government oversight, and that their use helps prevent "boots on the ground" combat and makes America safer. Opponents say that drone strikes create more terrorists than they kill. They contend that drone strikes kill large numbers of civilians, violate international law, lack sufficient congressional oversight, violate the sovereignty of other nations, and make the horrors of war appear as innocuous as a video game.

12/18/2013 - Check out some great photos from our successful charity golf tournament which took place on Dec. 2nd at the Calabasas Country Club. Thank you to all our players, sponsors, and organizers.

In attendance were dozens of celebrities including: former NHL player Marty McSorley, former MLB player Royce Clayton, former NFL player Hank Baskett and his wife, reality TV star Kendra Wilkinson, senior golf pro Steve Pate, former NBA player Norm Nixon, and actors Patrick Warburton, Alan Thicke, Anthony Anderson, Ryan Merriman, Sheila Shah, Stephen Bishop, Chris Rich, Jeremy Sumpter, Christopher McDonald, Paula Trickey, Josh Morrow, Kato Kaelin, and others.

11/4/2013 - US Death Penalty Support at Lowest Level in over 40 Years - A new Gallup poll finds that 60% of Americans say they favor the death penalty for convicted murderers, the lowest level of support since Nov. 1972, when 57% were in favor.

10/15/2013 – Teachers' Corner – Teachers, librarians, and administrators in more than 4,150 schools have used Those educators come from all 50 states and 58 countries (including the newly-added Ukraine). 51.9% of the schools are high schools, while 22.1% are elementary and middle schools and 26.0% are colleges and universities. Please help by taking a few minutes to tell educators you know about our free website.

9/20/2013 - 241 Books Citing - We've added another 40 books to the list of published texts citing research. Some of the authors who used in their works include Glenn Beck, Mark Bittman, Newt Gingrich, Stefan Halper, Dick Morris, Condoleezza Rice, Michael Schmoker, Tavis Smiley, and Joseph Stiglitz.

9/16/2013 – How Educators Use – See the lesson plans, resource lists, and teaching strategies used by educators in over 4,000 schools to incorporate into their classrooms and libraries. Our updated resource lets you search by country, state, school, or subject.

9/13/2013 - and Join Forces on Critical Thinking Campaign - Pivot TV, a new television network from Participant Media, selects as its exclusive alliance to promote critical thinking by providing research around the social issues explored in the new TV series Raising McCain, a documentary-style reality program featuring Meghan McCain, the daughter of US Senator John McCain. The show premieres Saturday, Sep. 14 at 10pm ET / 7pm PT.

8/19/2013 - Historical Timeline: History of the Death Penalty - Our updated timeline on the history of the death penalty includes events from the Code of Hammurabi in 1700s B.C. to Maryland’s repeal of the death penalty on May 2, 2013.

7/25/2013  - Critical Thinking Quotes - Read insights on critical thinking from famous thinkers such as Plato, Einstein, Martin Luther King Jr., and Thomas Jefferson.

7/22/2013 – Used by Educators in over 4,000 Schools - Teachers, librarians, and educational administrators at 806 elementary schools, 2,063 high schools, and 1,055 colleges and universities in all 50 states and 57 countries have used Read their lesson plans, resource lists, and experiences in our Teachers’ Corner. Thank you, educators, for helping to propel past a new milestone.

6/13/2013 – Critical Thinking Explained – What is critical thinking, and why is it so important? This episode of's Critical Thinking Video Series explores the ways critical thinking cuts through confusion, encourages citizen involvement, and leads to a stronger democracy.

6/7/2013 – New study shows students who discuss/debate controversial issues get higher NAEP test scores – See this and other studies showing the importance of teaching controversial issues to stimulate critical thinking, education, and informed citizenship.

5/8/2013 - Governments That Use – The 11 international governments that have used include Australia, Canada, Israel, Palestinian territories, Philippines, and South Africa. Plus has been used by 27 US state governments and 14 US federal entities.

5/7/2013 - 221 Books Citing - We've added another 26 books to the list of published texts citing research. Some of the authors who used include Mark Bittman, Newt Gingrich, Condoleezza Rice, Michael Schmoker, Tavis Smiley, and Joseph Stiglitz.

5/3/2013 – Maryland Repeals the Death Penalty – On May 2, 2013, Maryland Governor Martin O’Malley signed into law legislation that repeals the death penalty, making Maryland the 18th state to do so. See which states have the death penalty and which do not, and how that number has changed over time.

4/19/2013 - Which topic should we pick next? – Please take our brief survey and let us know which issues you would like to research next.

4/18/2013 – Educators in over 3,750 schools in all 50 US states and 56 countries use 819 elementary and middle schools, 1,926 high schools, and 1,010 colleges and universities use our free nonpartisan research to stimulate critical thinking. The newest international schools using are in Angola, India, and Oman.

4/12/2013 - Reader Survey results – Our survey helped us learn the age, gender, and political affiliation of 1,032 readers. We also learned that 36.7% of respondents changed their "perceptions, feelings, or opinions on an issue" based on what they learned at and that 87.2% reported that they "enjoyed their experience" at Thank you to all the survey participants.

4/12/2013 – Student Video Contest Highlights – We posted a 3-minute highlight reel from our 2012 Student Video Contest where each student shows why he/she loves Thanks, students!

3/22/2013  - and the March of Dimes Canada held a celebrity golf tournament on March 2, 2013 to raise money for our charities. See dozens of our celebrity golf tournament photos and watch the celebrity golf tournament videos on our YouTube channel.

3/13/2013 - Does the death penalty deter crime? - Read pro and con arguments from former New York Governor George E. Pataki (pro), former US District Court and US Court of Appeals Judge H. Lee Sarokin (con), Emory University Professor of Economics Paul H. Rubin (pro), Stanford University Professor of Law John J. Donohue III (con), late US Supreme Court Justice Lewis Franklin Powell Jr (pro), the American Civil Liberties Union (con), and more.

2/5/2013 - Reader Survey, 2013 - Please take a couple of minutes to tell us about yourself, and let us know how we’re doing and what we can do to improve.

1/17/2013 Watch seven wonderful student films about A panel of prominent film celebrities and education leaders judged 1-2 minute student videos on the theme "Why I Love," and their seven lucky winners in the national student video contest have been announced.

1/4/2013 – Educators in over 3,500 schools in all 50 US states and 53 countries use 756 elementary and middle schools, 1,821 high schools, and 983 colleges and universities use our free nonpartisan research to stimulate critical thinking. The newest international schools using are in Argentina, Malta, and Portugal.

12/31/2012 – Critical Thinking Video Series #2: Milk – Does milk help to build strong bones, or does it weaken them? Does it help you lose weight, or make you fat? Does it reduce cancer risk, or increase it? Does milk contain pus, or is that a myth? Explore both sides of the milk debate in our latest video.

12/31/2012 - NEW Website! - Should the United States return to a gold standard? - Proponents of the gold standard argue it provides long-term economic stability and growth, prevents inflation, and would reduce the size of government. Opponents argue a gold standard would create economic instability, spur periodic economic deflation and contraction, and harm the fragile US economy. Our 47th website explores the pros and cons in the debate over the gold standard.

12/20/2012 - NEW Website! - Should the United States maintain its embargo against Cuba? - February 7, 2012 marked the 50th anniversary of the ongoing US embargo against Cuba. Proponents of the embargo say that the economic sanctions and travel restrictions should remain until Cuba meets the conditions set out by US law, and that it is an important bargaining chip to pressure Cuba to improve human rights. Opponents of the embargo say that it is an outdated, failed policy that hurts the US economy and Cuban citizens, and that the rest of the world is against the US sanctions. Our 46th website explores the pros and cons in the debate over the Cuba embargo.

12/5/2012 - Student Video Contest – The early entry deadline was Dec. 1, and Mark from Oregon won the $100 gift card. Congratulations! The final deadline for video entries is Monday Dec. 31. See what has been submitted so far.

10/25/2012 - has been used by teachers, librarians, and administrators in 3,218 schools in all 50 states and 50 countries. We're thrilled to have educators in 643 elementary and middle schools, 1,652 high schools, and 923 colleges and universities using our free educational resources.

10/11/2012 - 174 Books Citing - We've added 16 new books to the list of works citing research, including books about the Middle East, bioethics, criminal law, and even the death of Bruce Lee.

9/12/2012  - State Death Penalty Laws, Get the legal status, a brief state history, and links to state laws for the death penalty in all 34 states where the death penalty is legal and the 16 states and DC where capital punishment is illegal. Also highlighted are states that authorize capital punishment for crimes other than murder, like hijacking an aircraft in Georgia.

9/12/2012  - 41 Federal Capital Offenses See all 41 federal capital offenses from espionage to murder by use of a weapon of mass destruction. Links to full text of the codes also provided.

8/10/2012 - Books, Articles, and Studies about Using Controversial Issues to Stimulate Critical Thinking – Read over 40 studies which show that teaching controversial issues can improve critical thinking skills and increase student motivation, achievement, creativity, self-esteem, and appreciation of cultural diversity.

8/10/2012 - 158 Books Citing – See how more than 150 authors including Glenn Beck, Mark Bittman, Newt Gingrich, Stefan Halper, Dick Morris, Condoleezza Rice, Michael Schmoker, Tavis Smiley, and Joseph Stiglitz have cited research in their books.

8/9/2012  - UPDATED: Does the death penalty cost less than life without parole? - Read pro and con statements from Florida Assistant State Attorney Gary D. Beatty (pro), Washington State Bar Association (con), Attorney Chris Clem (pro), and ACLU (con), among others.

7/23/2012 - 82 Books Citing – See how 82 authors including Glenn Beck, Newt Gingrich, Dick Morris, Michael J. Schmoker, and Tavis Smiley have cited research in their books.

5/24/2012 – NEW Website!Is golf a sport? – Our 43rd website explores the pros and cons in the debate over whether golf is a sport. Proponents argue that golf meets the definition of "sport" found in the dictionary, requires physical exertion and coordination, and is recognized as a sport by sporting goods companies, athletic associations, fans, and the media. Opponents argue that golf better meets the definition of "game" than "sport," does not require rigorous physical activity, and can be played professionally by people who are overweight, injured, or non-athletic.

5/9/2012 - Connecticut Repeals the Death Penalty - Connecticut Gov. Dannel Malloy (D) signed a law on Apr. 25, 2012 repealing the death penalty. The repeal only applies to future sentences, leaving 11 men on death row. Connecticut now joins 16 other states and DC in abandoning capital punishment.

3/13/2012 - has been used by teachers, librarians, and administrators in 2,522 schools in all 50 states and 45 countries. Thank you to the educators in those 508 elementary and middle schools, 1,295 high schools, and 719 colleges and universities who benefit from our free educational resources.

Teachers and librarians, if you have not already done so, please take our 2-minute survey and let us know how YOU use With roughly 100,000 schools in the United States, we need all your help to promote critical thinking in today's youth.

11/14/2011 – NEW Website!Should churches (defined as churches, temples, mosques, synagogues, etc.) remain tax-exempt? – US churches have been exempt from paying income and property taxes since the country's founding. Debate continues over whether or not these tax benefits should be retained, especially during our tough economic times. Proponents argue that a tax exemption keeps the government out of church finances, and that churches deserve a tax break because they provide crucial social services. Opponents argue that giving churches special tax exemptions violates the separation of church and state, and that the government cannot afford what amounts to a subsidy worth billions of dollars every year. Our 44th website explores the pros and cons in the debate over church tax exemptions.

10/24/2011 - NEW Website! - Which candidate should be US president in 2012? – has researched the US presidential candidates and their views on 25 issues ranging from abortion to global warming to medical marijuana to waterboarding. Our 43rd website also features resources on US presidential election history, debate transcripts, a step-by-step guide on how to become president, and more. We will add at least 50 more issues and several new resources over the coming months to help you decide who should be the next president of the United States.

9/26/2011 - NEW: Death Row Inmates, 1953-2009. In 1953, death row had 131 inmates, and 62 of them (47.33%) were executed. In 2009, death row had grown to 3,173 inmates (a 2,322% increase), and 52 of them (1.64%) were executed. The average time on death row more than doubled from 6 years and 2 months in 1984 to 14 years and one month by 2009. The primary reason inmates no longer serve on death row is not because of execution (24.0%) but because their sentence or conviction was overturned (59.5%). Our new charts detail the number of death row inmates, executions, and average time in prison, as well as the primary reasons for removal from death row.

9/14/2011 - UPDATED: Does the death penalty cost less than life in prison without parole?

9/13/2011 - UPDATED: Did You Know? Little Known Facts in the Death Penalty Debate - In 2010, 23 countries executed at least 527 people, not including the thousands of executions carried out by China. Virginia executed more people between 1608-2002 than any other state, with 1,361 total executions. The top five occupations of Americans executed between 1608-2002 were: slave (1,748), laborer (585), farmhand (369), farmer (347), and farm laborer (168). Read more about these and other interesting facts relating to the death penalty on our "Did You Know" page.

8/30/2011 - UPDATED: Forms of Execution in the United States, 1977 - 2009. Between 1977 and 2009, 1,188 people were executed in the US. 1,016 (85%) were executed by lethal injection and 156 (13.1%) were electrocuted. 672 (56.6%) of those executed were white and 411 (34.6%) were black. Read more about the forms of execution in the US, and see our chart documenting the executions by method and race.

7/6/2011 – On July 6, 2011, was highlighted in the Congressional Record when Congressman Rob Andrews (D-NJ) honored by reading a glowing statement about the organization on the floor of the US House of Representatives. His statement said in part: "It is my distinct pleasure to honor the staff of and wish them continued successes in their service to the American public. Their unbiased and truthful presentation makes a tremendous contribution to the political system."

6/22/2011 NEW Website!Is the use of standardized tests improving education in America? – Standardized tests have been a part of American education since the mid-1800s. Their use skyrocketed after 2002's No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) mandated annual testing in all 50 states. Proponents say standardized tests are a fair and objective measure of student achievement, and that they ensure teachers and schools are accountable. Opponents say the tests are neither fair nor objective, and that their use narrows the curriculum and promotes "teaching to the test."'s 42nd website explores the pros and cons in the debate over standardized tests.

4/29/2011 NEW! Interactive Readers Comments – You can now share your comments about issues with millions of other people, and reply to, vote on, or just read already posted comments. If you want, you can also get emails telling you when your comment gets posted, and when others reply to your comment.

To join or read the debate, click on the "Comment” link in the left column of any page or click the "Comment” button on the homepage of any issue. Like everything at, it’s free and there’s no registration required.

Test the comments system on "Should prescription drugs be advertising directly to consumers?" and "Should felons be allowed to vote?" to see our new feature for yourself.

4/21/2011 - NEW Website! - Should people become vegetarian? - In 2010, people in the US ate an average of 57.5 pounds of beef, 46.5 pounds of pork, and 82 pounds of chicken. Vegetarians, about 3.2% of the US population, do not eat meat (including poultry and seafood). Many proponents of vegetarianism say that the meatless diet is healthier and better for the environment, and that killing animals for food is wrong.  Many opponents of vegetarianism say that eating meat is natural, healthful, humane, and that people have done it for millions of years.’s 41st website explores the pros and cons in the debate over vegetarianism.


3/9/2011 - UPDATED: 34 States with Death Penalty / 41 Federal Capital Crimes - On Mar. 9, 2011, Illinois Governor Pat Quinn (D) signed legislation to repeal the state's death penalty statute. Illinois joins 15 other states and the District of Columbia that do not have capital crimes. The new law takes effect on July 1, 2011.

2/14/2011 - Help Win $5,000: Write a short review of by Feb. 28 for a contest at The most-reviewed nonprofit wins, so please take a few minutes and help us compete for the prize!

1/27/2011 - UPDATED: Historical Timeline - History of the Death Penalty - On Jan. 21, 2011, the sole US maker of sodium thiopental, the anesthetic used in lethal injections in 35 states, announced it would stop manufacturing the drug. Read about Hospira, Inc.'s exit from this market and the entire history of the death penalty from 1700 BC to the present.

1/13/2011 NEW Website! - Should teachers get tenure? - Teacher tenure is the increasingly controversial form of job protection that public school teachers in all states receive after 1-7 years on the job. Proponents of tenure argue that it protects teachers from being fired for personal or political reasons, and prevents the firing of experienced teachers to hire less expensive new teachers. Opponents argue that this job protection makes the removal of poorly performing teachers so difficult and costly that most schools end up retaining their bad teachers, and that tenure is no longer needed given current laws against job discrimination.'s 40th website explores the pros and cons of whether or not teachers should get tenure.

12/29/2010 - has been used by 1,500 schools in 32 countries and all 50 US states.  278 elementary and middle schools, 710 high schools, and 512 colleges and universities use the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking.  The newest international school using is in Malaysia.

12/22/2010 - NEW: US Executions from 1608-2002: A Demographic Breakdown of the Executed Population – Of the 15,269 people officially executed in the US from 1608-2002, 97.6% were men (most common gender), 81.8% committed murder (most common crime), 61.3% were hanged (most common execution method), 50.5% were Black (most common race), 44% were aged 20-29 (most common age range), 11.5% were slaves (most common occupation), and 8.9% were from Virginia (most common state). Our 10 charts and graphs illustrate the largest US death penalty study ever done and break down all executions by variables such as race, occupation, state, age, crime committed, and more.

12/7/2010  - is happy to announce that our Managing Editor, Kamy Akhavan, is now the new President of our organization. Kamy, who has been with since Dec. 7, 2004, will also continue his duties as Managing Editor. Visit Kamy's profile to read more about his qualifications.

11/29/2010 - Help Select Its Next Topic - Take our survey to tell us which controversial topics you want to see cover in 2011. Select your favorite issues from a list of 25 topics ranging from animal research and astrology to whistleblowers and zoos.

11/1/2010 - in the News - has received over 100 media references so far in 2010 compared to 76 for all of 2009. References to in 2010 have come from mainstream media sources including the Washington Post, CNN, Huffington Post, CNBC, AOL News, and Discovery News, as well as several radio interviews on NPR and Fox News affiliates.

11/1/2010 - received 1,054,740 website sessions in Oct. 2010 – the highest number of sessions we have ever received in a month.

10/18/2010 NEW Website! - Was Ronald Reagan a good president? - Reagan served as the 40th President of the United States from Jan. 20, 1981 to Jan. 19, 1989. His supporters point to his accomplishments, including stimulating US economic growth, strengthening national defense, revitalizing the Republican Party, and ending the global Cold War. His detractors contend that Reagan's poor policies, such as bloating national defense, drastically cutting social services, and making arms-for-hostages deals, led the country into record deficits and global embarrassment.'s 38th website explores the pros and cons of whether or not Ronald Reagan was a good president.

10/18/2010 NEW Website! - Was Bill Clinton a good president? – Bill Clinton served as the 42nd President of the United States from Jan. 20, 1993 to Jan. 19, 2001. His supporters contend that under his presidency the US enjoyed the lowest unemployment in recent history, low crime rates, and a budget surplus. His detractors blame his policies for the financial crisis that began in 2007 and point to his scandals and impeachment by Congress.'s 39th website explores the pros and cons of whether or not Bill Clinton was a good president.

10/5/2010 NEW Website! - Is it appropriate to build a Muslim community center (aka the "Ground Zero Mosque”) near the World  Trade Center site? – The debate over the ''Ground Zero Mosque'' has grown from a local discussion to an issue of international prominence. Proponents argue that the 16-story Muslim community center will be an asset to the neighborhood and local economy, and its construction demonstrates America’s religious tolerance. Opponents argue that the ''Ground Zero Mosque'' is an insensitive and disrespectful political ploy by radical Islamists that will inflict emotional distress on families who suffered casualties on Sep. 11, 2001.'s 37th website explores the pros and cons of the ''Ground Zero Mosque'' debate.

9/27/2010 - UPDATED: Historical Timeline - Death Penalty - The shortage of sodium thiopental, a drug used in lethal injections, is causing delays of executions throughout the US. On Sep. 23, 2010, a woman with an IQ of 72 became the first female to be executed in Virginia since 1912. Read more about these stories and other significant events on our death penalty historical timeline.

9/24/2010 - How to Cite in Bibliographies and Endnotes - You can now click the "Cite" button on the upper-right corner of any page to see that page's citation style according to the Modern Language Association Style Manual (MLA), the Chicago Manual of Style (Chicago), the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), and Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian) - four of the most popular bibliographic protocols.

9/16/2010 - NEW Website! - Should gay marriage be legal? – Gay marriage is allowed in ten countries, five US states, and the District of Columbia. 30 states have constitutional amendments banning gay marriage. Proponents argue that same-sex couples should have access to the same marriage benefits enjoyed by heterosexual couples. Opponents argue that altering the traditional definition of marriage as between a man and a woman will further weaken a threatened institution.'s 36th website explores the pros and cons of legalizing gay marriage.

9/2/2010 - NEW Website! - Are the March 2010 federal health care reform laws good for America? – The March 2010 health care reforms were hailed by proponents as "landmark legislation" that will provide affordable health care to millions of currently uninsured Americans.  Opponents railed against the bill warning that it was a "government takeover" of medicine that would lower the quality of care and drive up the federal deficit. Our 35th and newest website, provides pros and cons on 34 commonly asked questions regarding the March 2010 health care reform laws using statements from over 150 experts including President Barack Obama (pro), former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin (con), Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi (pro), House Majority Leader John Boehner (con), AARP (pro), US Chamber of Commerce (con), New York Times (pro), Wall Street Journal (con), and dozens more.

9/1/2010 in the News - This week surpassed 250 mentions in major media outlets and journals. We have been referenced 81 times so far in 2010 - surpassing our previous record of 76 times in all of 2009. Some news references to in 2010 have come from articles in the Washington Post, Reuters, Yahoo! News, the New England Journal of Medicine, Mother Jones, CNBC, The Guardian ( UK), as well as interviews on NPR and Fox News radio affiliates.

8/18/2010 - UPDATED: Forms of Execution in the United States, 1977 - 2008. From 1977 through 2008, 84.9% of executions were by lethal injection and 13.6% by electrocution. 57.1% of persons executed were white, 34.3% were black, and 7.4% were Hispanic. Read more about the number and method of executions in the US as well as the race of those executed.

8/4/2010 - has now been used by 1,322 schools in 31 countries and all 50 US states. 249 elementary and middle schools, 615 high schools, and 458 colleges and universities use the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking.

7/13/2010 - UPDATED:  Did You Know? - 52 death sentences were handed down in 2009, the lowest number of death sentences since the death penalty was reinstated in the US in 1976. Ohio performed the first execution with a one-drug intravenous lethal injection on Dec. 8, 2009. New Hampshire and Washington authorize hanging as a method of execution. Read these and other little known facts in the death penalty debate on our updated resource page.

6/30/2010 - NEW: Historical Timeline of the Death Penalty - See the illustrated history of the death penalty. Read about the first recorded execution in the British American Colonies in 1608, the switch from public to private hangings in 1833, Thomas Edison electrocuting animals in 1887, the US Supreme Court ruling the death penalty unconstitutional on June 29, 1972, the June 18, 2010 execution in Utah by firing squad, and much more.

6/15/2010 - NEW Website! - Is human activity a substantial cause of global climate change? - Over the 20th century the earth warmed 1-1.4°F and climate changes including more intense heat waves, stronger hurricanes, loss of sea ice, glacier retreat, and more droughts have occurred.  As of Apr. 2010, levels of the greenhouse gas CO2 were 389 parts per million – allegedly higher than at any time in the last 650,000 years.

Some people argue that rising levels of human-produced greenhouse gases are warming the planet and causing the climate to change.  Others argue that reported greenhouse gas increases are too small to change the climate, and that 20th century warming has been the result of natural processes such as fluctuations in the sun’s heat and ocean currents.'s newest and 34th website explores the pros and cons in this debate.

6/14/2010 - has now been used by 1,267 schools in 31 countries and all 50 US states. 239 elementary and middle schools, 589 high schools, and 439 colleges and universities use the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking. The newest international schools using are in Kazakhstan and Kenya.

5/12/2010 - has now been used by 1,205 schools in 29 countries and all 50 US states. We are thrilled to have 225 elementary and middle schools, 548 high schools, and 432 colleges and universities using the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking. The newest international schools using are in Serbia, United Arab Emirates, and South Africa.

5/3/2010 - UPDATED: Quotes about Critical Thinking - Read 25 selected quotes about critical thinking from Confucius, Plato, Socrates, Ben Franklin, Albert Einstein, John Maynard Keynes, Mohandas Gandhi, and others.

4/21/2010 in the News - surpassed 200 mentions in the press for the first time in our history. We have been referenced in the media 35 times already in 2010, including articles by CNBC, the Guardian, and AOL News.

4/21/2010 - NEW Website! Should abortion be legal? Since the Jan. 22, 1973 US Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade through 2005, more than 45 million legal abortions have been performed in the United States. One out of five pregnancies end in abortion, and 40% of all women have an abortion by the age of 45. "Pro-life” proponents generally believe abortion is immoral because personhood begins at conception, and therefore abortion kills innocent human beings.  "Pro-choice” advocates contend that a woman's right to control her pregnancy outweighs any right claimed for an embryo or fetus.'s newest website explores the pros and cons in this debate.

4/16/2010  - has now been used by 1,159 schools in 26 countries and all 50 US states. We are thrilled to have 213 elementary and middle schools, 528 high schools, and 418 colleges and universities using the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking.

4/16/2010 NEW: Is the D.A.R.E. program good for America's kids (K-12)? - Read the top pro, con, and not clearly pro or con arguments from D.A.R.E., President Obama, the Office of the Surgeon General, the Government Accountability Office, as well as policemen, economists, schools, and others.

4/1/2010 - Surpasses One Million Monthly Sessions - In March 2010, received 1,026,399 website sessions – the first time we have received over a million sessions in a month.  The new record marked a 90% increase in traffic over Mar. 2009 and an 88% increase for the first three months of 2010 over the first three months of 2009. We are thrilled that so many teachers, students and others are finding our free and unbiased content so useful. Thank you to all our readers, supporters, and donors for helping us to attain this milestone in our effort to promote critical thinking for a better tomorrow.

3/31/2010 - NEW Website! - Should adults have the right to carry a concealed handgun? - 48 states allow for the concealed carry of handguns. Proponents argue that carrying concealed handguns deters crime and is a right granted by the Second Amendment. Opponents counter that concealed guns lead to more crime and increase the chances of arguments becoming lethal. Read the press release (21 KB) .

3/30/2010 - NEW: a hit at the 2010 San Diego Science Festival. 500-600 people participated in our interactive booth, including students, teachers, scientists, parents, and others. Check out some of our photos from the event to see how much critical thinking took place in our booth.

3/10/2010 - has now been used by 1,077 schools in 26 countries and all 50 US states.  We are thrilled to have 189 elementary and middle schools, 480 high schools, and 408 colleges and universities using the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking.

2/18/2010 - NEW Website! - Is the D.A.R.E. program good for America's kids (K-12)? - Supporters of D.A.R.E. argue that the program annually helps over 35 million kids in all 50 states and 43 countries to resist drug abuse. Critics counter that decades of research shows D.A.R.E. is ineffective, marketing not science-based, and can actually increase drug use by students.

2/9/2010 - has now been used by 1,009 schools in 26 countries and all 50 US states.  We are thrilled to have 176 elementary and middle schools, 435 high schools, and 398 colleges and universities using the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking.  The newest international school using is in Qatar.

1/21/2010 - in the News - We have been referenced in the media 10 times already in 2010 including mentions in Reuters, Psychiatric Times, and the Huffington Post. See all 176 of our media references to date.

1/18/2010 - NEW Website! – Should any vaccines be required for children? – All 50 states require vaccinations for children entering public schools although 48 states allow exemptions for religious reasons and 20 for philosophical reasons.  While proponents argue that vaccines save lives, prevent epidemics, and reduce harm from illness, opponents counter that vaccinations should not be required because they may do more harm (cause illness, reduce immunity, etc.) than good.'s newest website explores the pros and cons of the debate surrounding vaccination.

1/14/2010 - has now been used by 932 schools in 25 countries and all 50 US states.  We are thrilled to have 161 elementary and middle schools, 390 high schools, and 381 colleges and universities using the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking.  The newest international schools using are in Russia, Spain, and Thailand.

12/28/2009 - NEW Website! – Is obesity a disease?An estimated 72 million people in the US as of 2006 (34.3% of the adult population) are obese and 10% of all US medical spending ($147 billion) in 2008 was attributed to obesity-related health conditions. The FDA, IRS, and the World Health Organization have stated obesity is a disease while other government and medical entities, such as the House of Representatives, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, and the American College of Physicians, have not.'s newest website explores the pros and cons in this debate.

12/18/2009 - has now been used by 802 schools in 22 countries and all 50 US states. The newest international schools using are in Austria, Israel, Netherlands, Philippines, and Singapore. We are thrilled to have 136 elementary and middle schools, 313 high schools, and 353 colleges and universities using the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking.

12/9/2009 - Governments That Use – The governments of five different countries have referenced in their official reports or legislation.  See how New Zealand, Northern Marianas, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States’ governments have used

12/9/2009 - NEW Website! - Do violent video games contribute to youth violence? - Critics argue that violent video games are to blame for school shootings, increases in bullying, and violence towards women and that research supports these assertions. Defenders of violent video games counter that the research is deeply flawed, that violent video games provide a safe outlet for aggressive feelings, and that video game content is protected free speech.'s newest website explores the pros and cons of this debate.

11/24/2009 - NEW Website! - Should Social Security be privatized? - Social Security, the largest government program in the world and the biggest expenditure ($612 billion) in the US federal budget, is projected to become unsustainable by 2037.'s newest website explores the pros and cons of whether Social Security should be privatized to give people control of their own retirement funds and help ensure that their safety net remains intact.

11/6/2009 - UPDATED: How 728 Schools Are Using – is now used by schools in all 50 US states (North Dakota just added) and 17 countries (Sweden and Macedonia just added).  119 elementary and middle schools, 282 high schools, and 327 colleges and universities use the free nonpartisan research we provide to stimulate critical thinking.

11/4/2009 - NEW: Volunteers & Interns - See the latest volunteer research opportunities at along with profiles of our talented and hard working senior interns, interns, and volunteers.

10/28/2009 - NEW: Survey for High School Students Only – If you’re in high school, please take our 10 question survey about, critical thinking, and you.

10/7/2009  - UPDATED: Benefits of Teaching Controversial Issues – Five highlighted facts about the benefits of critical thinking and 28 articles, studies, and books about teaching controversial issues in the classroom.

10/5/2009 - UPDATED: Lesson Planning with - 11 lesson plan ideas for using in the classroom to engage critical thinking while meeting 15 national teaching standards.

9/24/2009 - NEW Website!Are cell phones safe? – Cell phones use a form of radiation called radio frequency (RF) to send their signal.  This RF radiation is regulated by the FCC, and has been deemed safe by a number of government and private scientific studies.  However, some studies have found that the radiation from cell phones may increase the chance of developing cancer and other health problems.'s newest website explores the pros and cons of whether or not cell phones are safe to use.

9/18/2009 - NEW Website!Should all Americans have the right (be entitled) to health care? – With millions uninsured, the US is one of the few - if not the only - developed nations that does not guarantee health care for its citizens. Many Americans believe that health care for all would be too expensive and unearned.'s newest website explores the pros and cons of whether there should be the right to health care in the US.

8/11/2009 - UPDATED: How Schools Are Using - See how teachers and librarians from 588 schools in 48 states and 14 countries use in their classrooms and school libraries.

8/6/2009 - added six more media references to its In the News page including a mention of our Prescription Drug Ads website in Business Week.

8/5/2009 - Five Year Anniversary - celebrated its 5-year anniversary on July 14, 2009 with a party for supporters and friends from 4-7 pm in our Santa Monica office. We also held five anniversary contests and awarded winners over $500 in cash and prizes.  See photos and video from the party, find out who won the contests, and read highlights and reflections from our first five years.

8/4/2009 - Winners of the 5-Year Anniversary contests announced! Each winner receives $100 and our gratitude. See who won the Wikipedia, Facebook, Twitter, and Scavenger Hunts contests. Thank you to all who participated.

7/29/2009 - NEW PROCON.ORG WEBSITE! - Should the drinking age be lowered from 21 to a younger age? - Our new micro site presents an overview, pro and con arguments, little-known “Did You Know” facts, videos, graphics, and a comprehensive list of sources on the issue of lowering the drinking age.

7/16/2009 - California State Schools Chief Jack O’Connell Praises - The California State Superintendent of Public Instruction wrote that is a "...great resource that breaks down hot button issues with quality, sourced info... The best part about is the entire web site is free to use. No ads, no registration necessary. If you’re in ed, check it out."  Visit for Teachers for details.

7/2/2009 - Celebrates Its Five Year Anniversary - July 2009 marks our fifth anniversary and we're celebrating with five contests where you can win up to $500. Visit our anniversary page to read contest details, a statement from our Chairman, top five highlights, select readers' comments, and more.

6/26/2009 - UPDATED: Forms of Execution in the United States, 1977 - 2007 - Read detailed execution statistics such as how 84.5% of executions over a 30-year period were by lethal injection, of which 57.4% were performed on white prisoners.

6/24/2009 - UPDATED: How Schools Are Using - See how teachers and librarians from 516 schools in 48 states and 14 countries use in their classrooms and school libraries.

6/22/2009 - UPDATED: In the News - See the most recent media refrences to in the Telegraph, WRPI, the Thom Hartmann Radio Program, and more.

6/8/2009 - NEW PROCON.ORG WEBSITE! - Should prescription drugs be advertised directly to consumers? - This website is our first ever  site meaning it took us less than 35 hours to build.  The site contains a "did you know?" section, an overview of the issue, pro and con arguments, an image and video gallery, a reader survey, and a listing of all our sources.

5/29/2009 - UPDATED: Books and Articles about Using Controversial Issues to Stimulate Critical Thinking:  Take a look at our list of 16 publications, including 15 full text articles, on this important educational topic.

5/19/2009 - Our Volunteer Program – created on Feb. 9, 2009 – has been a great success.  We thank all the volunteers who have helped us so far, and we encourage others to consider becoming a volunteer or intern.

4/10/2009 - UPDATED: How Schools Are Using – 411 schools (73 elementary and middle schools, 148 high schools, and 190 colleges and universities) in 45 states and 11 countries use content in their classrooms.

4/10/2009 - UPDATED: In the News - 113 mainstream media--the most recent including Washington Post, Guardian, and CBS News--have referenced’s websites.

4/7/2009  - NEW: Join on Facebook and follow us on Twitter.

4/2/2009 – NEW DESIGN – Whether you are visiting for the first time or coming back for the 100th time, we’d love to know: What do you think of our new website design?

4/2/2009 - NEW: Survey for Teachers and Librarians - Please take our 2-minute survey so we can learn how to make our sites more useful to educators.

3/23/2009 - UPDATED: In the News – We added 10 more media references and surpassed 100 mentions in the press for the first time in our history. 103 mainstream media outlets have now referenced

3/19/2009 - UPDATED: Did You Know? New Mexico outlaws the death penalty (effective July 1, 2009) joining thirteen other states and the District of Columbia.

3/9/2009 - UPDATED: How Schools Are Using – See how 66 elementary and middle schools, 133 high schools, and 176 colleges and universities in 45 states and eight countries use content in their educational materials.

3/2/2009 – NEW PROCON.ORG WEBSITE! Can alternative energy effectively replace fossil fuels? – Our 17th issue website has over 200 pro and con responses from more than 175 experts on energy topics such as oil, solar, wind, nuclear, ethanol, biofuels, hydrogen vs. electricity, subsidies, and more.

2/25/2009 - Articles about Using Controversial Issues to Stimulate Critical Thinking – Attention educators.  We have compiled over a dozen published articles on why and how to develop critical thinking skills by teaching controversial topics in the classroom.

2/25/2009 - UPDATED: In the News - Our list of media references has grown to 93.  See the latest additions from Popular Science magazine, Star Tribune (Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN), two radio stations, and more.

2/6/2009 - UPDATED: How Schools Are Using - See how 352 schools in 45 states and eight countries use content in their educational materials.

2/2/2009 - was honored to receive the 2008 “Best Non-Profit to Work For” award in a national competition. was one of five winners in its class of “non-profits with an operating budget of under $2.5 million.” There were 15 winners total. There are roughly 1,000,000 nonprofit organizations in the United States.

1/29/2009 - NEW: Should the death penalty be allowed?

1/16/2009 - NEW: Top 10 Pros and Cons in the Death Penalty Debate - Read the main arguments in about five minutes

1/12/2009 - NEW TOPIC SURVEY - Select the topic you would most like to cover next.

1/9/2009 - NEW: Quotes About Critical Thinking – Read twelve stimulating quotes about critical thought.  We share these statements as part of our mission to promote critical thinking.

12/31/2008 - UPDATED: See How Schools Are Using 50 elementary and middle schools, 100 high schools, and 116 colleges and universities (that we know of) have used in their teaching materials.

12/29/2008 - NEW PROCON.ORG WEBSITE! - Should performance enhancing drugs (such as steroids) be accepted in sports? Read over 250 pro and con responses from more than 200 experts on nearly 30 subjects related to drugs in sports at our 17th website,

12/3/2008 - Big Three auto makers compared to Toyota and Honda by – We explore the question “Should the Big Three auto makers be bailed out by the US government?” in our first ever “mini” site. See the 144-point comparison chart and read statements from Barack Obama, Mitt Romney, Paul Krugman, and many others.

11/18/2008 - NEW: for Teachers - Lesson plan ideas, natl. teaching standards, articles about teaching controversial issues, teachers' comments, and students' comments.

11/4/2008 – was referenced in the media six times last week.  See our In the News page for the Swedish, Russian, and four US publications that mentioned

10/29/2008 - NEW: What makes a death penalty case different from other criminal cases?

10/23/2008 - UPDATED: Federal and State Capital Crimes in the United States – See the 41 federal crimes and dozens of state-level crimes that may result in the death penalty.

10/20/2008 - NEW: Should victims' opinions matter when considering the death penalty?

10/14/2008  - UPDATED: In the Classroom - 256 schools in 42 states and five countries reference in their K-12 and university level lesson plans and resource lists.

10/9/2008 - received four more media references in the last three days.  See our coverage at Slate, National Catholic Reporter, and others in our growing In the News page.

10/6/2008 - NEW: Major Death Penalty Cases in the US Supreme Court - Explore eight verdicts from 1972 - 2008 that regulate capital punishment today.

10/3/2008 - User Survey passes 1,000 responses.  See the survey results so far

9/30/2008 – received two more media mentions last week.  Visit our In the News page to see our latest media references.

9/18/2008 - NEW: Should the death penalty be used for retribution?

9/5/2008 - UPDATED: 2008 Presidential Candidates on the Death Penalty

8/29/2008 - NEW: Does clemency serve as a safeguard in capital punishment cases?

8/29/2008 - NEW: Is life in prison without parole a better option than the death penalty?

8/29/2008 - NEW:  Is poor representation by public defense attorneys a widespread problem in capital cases?

8/29/2008 - NEW:  Is prosecutorial misconduct a widespread problem in capital cases?

8/29/2008 – NEW: Does the death penalty cost less than life in prison without parole?

8/29/2008 – NEW: Should executions be made public?

8/26/2008 - NEW: What is clemency?

8/26/2008 - NEW: Does Hinduism support the death penalty?

8/26/2008 - NEW: received four more media references in the last 30 days.

8/22/2008 - NEW: What is life in prison without parole?

8/20/2008 - NEW: Does a person's income level affect the likelihood of him/her receiving the death penalty?

8/20/2008  - NEW: Should a death penalty moratorium be implemented?

8/20/2008  - NEW: Does Buddhism support the death penalty?

8/19/2008 - NEW: Has DNA testing led to significant improvements in the criminal justice system?

8/18/2008 - NEW: Is the death penalty unconstitutional?

8/15/2008 - NEW:  Does a person's race affect the likelihood of him/her receiving the death penalty?

8/15/2008 - NEW: Does the death penalty deter crime?

8/7/2008 - NEW: What is the Hippocratic Oath?

7/31/2008 - NEW: Does Judaism support the death penalty?

7/31/2008 - NEW WEBSITE: Death Penalty – “Should the death penalty be abolished?” Read pros, cons, stats, news, bios, and more great information related to this perennially controversial topic. Explore our 15th issue website at and let us know what you think.

7/30/2008 - NEW: Does Christianity support the death penalty?

7/30/2008 - NEW: Does Islam support the death penalty?

7/24/2008 - NEW: Forms of Execution in the United States, 1977 - 2006: Learn more about the lethal injection, electrocution, the gas chamber, hanging, and firing squads.

7/18/2008 - NEW: Is it ethical or appropriate for physicians to participate in executions?

7/11/2008 - NEW: Is the death penalty immoral?

6/30/2008  - We are proud to announce the new sites that became available Monday June 30, 2008. See over 10 new features in a new design and layout that took over 25 people nearly 2 years and 9,000 hours to complete. If you like what you see, please tell your friends.

6/12/2008  - NEW: Federal and State Capital Crimes in the United States – Explore the 41 federal capital crimes and all the state crimes that may result in the death penalty.

5/30/2008 - NEW WEBSITE: Insider Trading – Should "insider trading" by Congress continue to be legal? Read pros, cons, and general reference information in the debate over whether Congressional representatives should be allowed to trade stocks based on material nonpublic information that they acquire during their normal Congressional duties.

5/23/2008 - Referenced in the Los Angeles Times and the Social Studies Professional – The number of media references to increased to 50 this week with favorable coverage by two respected publications.

5/15/2008 - NEW: What is the death penalty and capital punishment? - Learn what differences exist (if any) between these two terms.

4/17/2008 - NEW: User Survey – Please help us by taking our 1-2 minute survey on your experience at Your feedback will help us to improve.

2/29/2008 - NEW: Subscribe to our free RSS feed and automatically receive the latest news and notices from our 13 websites. To subscribe, click on the RSS button in the top right of the homepage and follow the instructions provided on the screen. It takes a few seconds, and you can unsubscribe whenever you want.

12/12/2007 - NEW WEBSITE: 2008 Election – Read pro and con statements from the 2008 presidential candidates on several issues including abortion, education, environment, gun control, Iran, Iraq, religion, social security, and many more. Decide for yourself which candidate would make the best US President.

11/26/2007 - NEW WEBSITE: Immigration – What are the solutions to illegal immigration? explores the debate over illegal immigration with 50 questions, 200+ sources, and over 350 pro, con, and general reference responses.

9/28/2007 - NEW WEBSITE: Milk - Is drinking milk healthy for humans? We investigate health claims about milk using over 100 experts. The results of our research show conflicting data on milk's effect on cancer, heart disease, weight loss, diabetes, children's development, and other health issues. Visit our newest website and tell us what you think.

6/26/2007 - 2008 Presidential Election Poll - Visit our parent website and vote on the issues you want us to ask the U.S. Presidential candidates. Poll will close on July 15th.

5/14/2007 - New website:

  • launched its 10th website today, Prostitution, which explores the core question “Should prostitution be legal?” The site features over 200 expert sources from Presidential hopefuls Rudy Giuliani and Hillary Clinton to Ann Landers, Heidi Fleiss, Susan B. Anthony, and the ACLU.

5/1/2007 - New website:

  • launched its 9th website today, Felon Voting (, on the heels of Florida and Maryland making historic changes to their felon voting laws. The 150 pro, con, and general reference statements focus around the core question: Should felons be allowed to vote?

1/30/2007 - Our comprehensive search engine (top right on the homepage) allows visitors to quickly find a word or phrase on the Under God website. The search function at allows visitors to simultaneously search all websites.

1/8/2007 - Euthanasia, our newest website, was launched today. It features nearly 600 pro, con, and general reference arguments in 80 questions. Visit the site today and decide for yourself: "Should euthanasia be legal?"

4/8/2005 - April Poll - Visit our parent site and help us select the best slogan for the organization.