Georgia - Murder, Kidnapping with Bodily Injury or Ransom When the Victim Dies, Hijacking an Aircraft, and Treason
Title 16, Ch.5, Art. 1, Title 16, Ch.5, Art. 3, Title 16, Ch.5, Art. 40, Title 16, Ch. 11, Art. 1


GEORGIA CODE
TITLE 16.  CRIMES AND OFFENSES 
CHAPTER 5.  CRIMES AGAINST THE PERSON 
ARTICLE 1.  HOMICIDE O.C.G.A. § 16-5-1  (2007)
 
§ 16-5-1.  Murder; felony murder 


(a) A person commits the offense of murder when he unlawfully and with malice aforethought, either express or implied, causes the death of another human being.
 
(b) Express malice is that deliberate intention unlawfully to take the life of another human being which is manifested by external circumstances capable of proof. Malice shall be implied where no considerable provocation appears and where all the circumstances of the killing show an abandoned and malignant heart.
 
(c) A person also commits the offense of murder when, in the commission of a felony, he causes the death of another human being irrespective of malice.
 
(d) A person convicted of the offense of murder shall be punished by death or by imprisonment for life.
 
HISTORY: Laws 1833, Cobb's 1851 Digest, p. 783; Code 1863, § 4217; Code 1868, § 4254; Code 1873, § 4320; Code 1882, § 4320; Penal Code 1895, § 60; Penal Code 1910, § 60; Code 1933, § 26-1002; Code 1933, § 26-1101, enacted by Ga. L. 1968, p. 1249, § 1.


GEORGIA CODE
TITLE 16.  CRIMES AND OFFENSES 
CHAPTER 5.  CRIMES AGAINST THE PERSON 
ARTICLE 3.  KIDNAPPING, FALSE IMPRISONMENT, AND RELATED OFFENSES
 
O.C.G.A. § 16-5-40  (2007)
 
§ 16-5-40.  Kidnapping 


(a) A person commits the offense of kidnapping when he abducts or steals away any person without lawful authority or warrant and holds such person against his will.
 
(b) A person convicted of the offense of kidnapping shall be punished by:
 
   (1) Imprisonment for not less than ten nor more than 20 years if the kidnapping involved a victim who was 14 years of age or older;
 
   (2) Imprisonment for life or by a split sentence that is a term of imprisonment for not less than 25 years and not exceeding life imprisonment, followed by probation for life, if the kidnapping involved a victim who is less than 14 years of age;
 
   (3) Life imprisonment or death if the kidnapping was for ransom; or
 
   (4) Life imprisonment or death if the person kidnapped received bodily injury.
 
(c) Any person convicted under this Code section shall, in addition, be subject to the sentencing and punishment provisions of Code Sections 17-10-6.1 and 17-10-7.
 
HISTORY: Laws 1833, Cobb's 1851 Digest, p. 788; Code 1863, §§ 4266, 4267; Code 1868, §§ 4301, 4302; Code 1873, §§ 4367, 4368; Ga. L. 1876, p. 39, § 1; Ga. L. 1880-81, p. 74, § 1; Code 1882, §§ 4367, 4368; Penal Code 1895, §§ 109, 110; Penal Code 1910, §§ 109, 110; Code 1933, §§ 26-1601, 26-1602, 26-1603; Ga. L. 1937, p. 489, § 1; Ga. L. 1953, Nov.-Dec. Sess., p. 99, § 1; Code 1933, § 26-1311, enacted by Ga. L. 1968, p. 1249, § 1; Ga. L. 1982, p. 970, § 1; Ga. L. 1994, p. 1959, § 4; Ga. L. 2006, p. 379, § 5/HB 1059.


TITLE 16. CRIMES AND OFFENSES
CHAPTER 5. CRIMES AGAINST THE PERSON
ARTICLE 3. KIDNAPPING, FALSE IMPRISONMENT, AND RELATED OFFENSES

O.C.G.A. § 16-5-44 (2012)

§ 16-5-44. Hijacking an aircraft

(a) A person commits the offense of hijacking an aircraft when he (1) by use of force or (2) by intimidation by the use of threats or coercion places the pilot of an aircraft in fear of immediate serious bodily injury to himself or to another and causes the diverting of an aircraft from its intended destination to a destination dictated by such person. (b) The offense of hijacking is declared to be a continuing offense from the point of beginning, and jurisdiction to try a person accused of the offense of hijacking shall be in any county of this state over which the aircraft is operated. (c) A person convicted of the offense of hijacking an aircraft shall be punished by death or life imprisonment.

HISTORY: Code 1933, § 26-3301, enacted by Ga. L. 1969, p. 741, § 1.



GEORGIA CODE
TITLE 16.  CRIMES AND OFFENSES 
CHAPTER 11.  OFFENSES AGAINST PUBLIC ORDER AND SAFETY 
ARTICLE 1.  TREASON AND OTHER SUBVERSIVE ACTIVITIES 
PART 1.  GENERAL PROVISIONS

O.C.G.A. § 16-11-1  (2007)
 
§ 16-11-1.  Treason


(a) A person owing allegiance to the state commits the offense of treason when he knowingly levies war against the state, adheres to her enemies, or gives them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of the offense of treason except on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act or on confession in open court. When the overt act of treason is committed outside this state, the person charged therewith may be tried in any county in this state.
 
(b) A person convicted of the offense of treason shall be punished by death or by imprisonment for life or for not less than 15 years.
 
HISTORY: Laws 1833, Cobb's 1851 Digest, p. 782; Code 1863, § 4212; Code 1868, § 4247; Code 1873, § 4313; Code 1882, §§ 4313, 5019; Penal Code 1895, §§ 51, 52, 53; Penal Code 1910, §§ 51, 52, 53; Code 1933, §§ 26-801, 26-802, 26-803; Code 1933, § 26-2201, enacted by Ga. L. 1968, p. 1249, § 1; Ga. L. 1982, p. 3, § 16.



Source: Georgia General Assembly, "Georgia Code," www.legis.ga.gov (accessed Sep.5, 2012)