Con to the question "Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed?"
"The General Assembly...
[R]ecalling also the resolutions on the question of the death penalty adopted over the past decade by the Commission on Human Rights in all consecutive sessions... in which the Commission called upon States that still maintain the death penalty to abolish it completely and, in the meantime, to establish a moratorium on executions...
[C]onsidering that the use of the death penalty undermines human dignity, and convinced that a moratorium on the use of the death penalty contributes to the enhancement and progressive development of human rights, that there is no conclusive evidence of the death penalty's deterrent value and that any miscarriage or failure of justice in the death penalty's implementation is irreversible and irreparable,
Welcoming the decisions taken by an increasing number of States to apply a moratorium on executions, followed in many cases by the abolition of the death penalty,
1. Expresses its deep concern about the continued application of the death penalty;
2. Calls upon all States that still maintain the death penalty to:
(a) Respect international standards that provide safeguards guaranteeing the protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty...
[c] Progressively restrict the use of the death penalty and reduce the number of offences for which it may be imposed;
(d) Establish a moratorium on executions with a view to abolishing the death penalty..."
United Nations General Assembly non-legally binding moratorium on the death penalty, www.un.org, Nov. 1, 2007
Organizations/VIPs/Others Individuals and organizations that do not fit into the other star categories.
"The United Nations is a unique international organization of 192 sovereign States, representing virtually every country in the world. It was founded [October 24, 1945] after the Second World War to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations and promote social progress, better living standards and human rights. The Member States are bound together by the principles of the UN Charter, an international treaty that spells out their rights and duties as members of the world community."
"Questions & Answers About the United Nations," www.un.org (accessed Aug. 12, 2008)
"We the Peoples of the United Nations Determined
to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and
to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and
to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and
to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and
to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and
to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest, and
to employ international machinery for the promotion of the economic and social advancement of all peoples."
"Charter of the United Nations," www.un.org (accessed Aug. 12, 2008)
$3.608 billion (2006-2007 budget proposal)
Ban Ki-Moon, Secretary-General
# of Offices:
6 (main branches: General Assembly (New York); Security Council (New York); Economic and Social Council (New York); Trusteeship Assembly Council (New York); Secretariat (New York); International Court of Justice (The Hague in the Netherlands))
# of Staff:
Autonomous organizations joined to the UN through special agreements:
International Labour Organization (ILO)
Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO)
UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNEsCO)
World Health Organization (WHO)
World Bank Group
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
Universal Postal Union (UPU)
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)