- Emeritus Professor of Criminal Justice and Legal Studies at University of Central Florida
- Con to the question "Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed?"
“My contention tonight is that there is no good reason to support the death penalty and there are many reasons to oppose it. And in the limited time I have tonight, I want to briefly go over many of the reasons why one should oppose the death penalty…
There is absolutely no evidence that the death penalty has a marginal deterrent effect… A second reason to oppose the death penalty is that the death penalty may have a counter deterrent or brutalizing effect… The death penalty as administered in this country is incredibly expensive. We spend hundreds of millions of dollars a year on capital punishment that in the absence of this penalty can be spent on more effective ways of dealing with the violent crime problem…
A reason number three to oppose the death penalty: the death penalty costs significantly more than LWOP (which means life imprisonment without opportunity of parole) or any other punishment that might be imposed… The death penalty consumes an inordinate amount of the resources of the federal courts, especially the Supreme Court.
A fifth reason: the death penalty is imposed in impermissibly arbitrary way. For example, the death penalty is nothing more than a lottery. Only one to two percent of death eligible offenders are executed… The death penalty is imposed in an unacceptably discriminatory way. The death penalty is reserved almost exclusively for the poor, it’s reserved almost exclusively for men, it is reserved for killers aged 18 years of age and older, it is imposed disproportionately on black males, and it is imposed disproportionately on the killers of white victims regardless of the race of the offender.
Reason number seven: innocent people are wrongly convicted and sentenced to death. Since 1973, 123 people in 25 states have been released from death row because of evidence of their innocence. That represents about one death row inmate released for every 8.5 that have been executed… Reason number eight: innocent people are probably wrongfully executed…”
“A Debate on Capital Punishment (with Robert Blecker),” Department of Criminal Justice and Legal Studies, University of Central Florida First Annual Speakers’ Series, Mar. 22, 2007
- Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
Individuals with MDs, JDs, PhDs, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to death penalty issues. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to death penalty issues.
- Involvement and Affiliations:
- Emeritus Professor, Criminal Justice and Legal Studies, University of Central Florida
- Professor, Criminal Justice and Legal Studies, University of Central Florida, 1995-2016
- Recipient, Bruce Smith, Sr. Award, Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, 2008
- Guest Editor, Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, Aug. 2005
- Associate Editor, Critical Criminology, 2001-present
- Associate Editor, Journal of Ethnicity and Criminal Justice, 2001-present
- Recipient, Founder’s Award, Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, 2001
- Associate Editor, Crime and Delinquency, 2000-present
- Deputy Editor, Journal of Crime and Justice, 1999-2001
- President, Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, 1992-1993
- Associate Editor, The American Journal of Criminal Justice, 1990-1996
- Professor, Criminal Justice, University of North Carolina, 1989-1995
- Southern Regional Representative, Association for Humanist Sociology, 1989-1985
- Recipient, Outstanding Educator of the Year Award, Southern Criminal Justice Association, 1989
- Associate Editor, Justice Quarterly, 1987-1989
- Associate Editor, Humanity and Society, 1987-1989
- PhD, Criminology, Florida State University, 1980
- MA, Secondary Education, University of Missouri at Kansas City, 1975
- BA, Psychology, University of Missouri at Columbia, 1972
- Associate Professor, Criminal Justice, Jacksonville State University, 1979-1982
- Instructor, Criminology, Florida State University, 1978-1979
- Teaching Assistant, Criminology, Florida State University, 1977-1978
- Instructor and Counselor, “The Model Inmate Employment Program,” Law Enforcement Assistance Administration Pilot Work Release Project, Jackson County Department of Corrections, 1975-1976.
- Correctional Officer, Jackson County Department of Corrections, 1974-1975
- Teaching Assistant, Psychology, University of Missouri at Columbia, 1971-1972