Former Professor of Criminal Justice at Washington State University Spokane
Con to the question "Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed?"
"Although I have no fundamental moral compunctions about allowing the death penalty, I oppose it because the death penalty sometimes leads to irremediable injustice through mistake, it is more expensive than life without possibility of parole, and it often makes heroes out of monsters.
My reasoning is as follows: First, mistakes are inevitable in the justice system. However rare, the execution of those who have been wrongfully convicted causes far more harm than any limited benefits associated with deterrence, retribution or incapacitation. Second, the necessary inefficiency of the death penalty process as it strives to minimize wrongful convictions is demonstrably more expensive than imprisoning a capital murderer for life without possibility for parole. LWOP [Life Without Parole] is a superior penalty over death because offenders who are found innocent after conviction can be released while those who have been executed cannot be brought back to life. Finally, capital murder trials put murderers at the center of a media circus for years - I know from personal experience that many of them enjoy this attention immensely. But non-capital murder trials that hand down a sentence of LWOP receive little attention and the offenders tend to fade rapidly into well-deserved obscurity."
Experts Individuals with MDs, JDs, PhDs, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to death penalty issues. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to death penalty issues.
Involvement and Affiliations:
Professor, Criminal Justice, Washington State University, 2005-2016
Member, American Society of Criminology
Member, Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences
Member, International Association of Chiefs of Police
Chief, Crime Control and Prevention Research Division, National Institute of Justice, US Department of Justice, 2002-2005
Founding Director, Wyoming Statistical Analysis Center for Rural Policy Studies, 2000-2001
Associate Professor, Criminal Justice, University of Wyoming, 1997-2002
Founding Director, Focused Research Group on Orange County Street Gangs, 1995-1997
Associate Professor, Criminology, University of California at Irvine, 1990-1997
Director, Trust Territory Bureau of Investigation, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, 1980-1984
Police Officer and Sergeant, Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department, 1969-1978
Marine Biology Aide, Naval Undersea Research and Development Center, 1968-1969
Field Communications Specialist, US Marine Corps, 1964-1967
PhD, Ecology, University of California at Davis, 1990
MS, Ecology, University of California at Davis, 1989
MPA, Public Administration, Pepperdine University, 1974
BA, Public Management, Pepperdine University, 1972
He retired from Washington State University in Aug. 2016