Senior Judge for the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Not Clearly Pro or Con to the question "Should the Death Penalty Be Allowed?"
"Our research has revealed that $4 billion of state and federal taxpayer money has been expended administering the death penalty in California since 1978, with a cost in 2009 of approximately $184 million above what taxpayers would have spent without the death penalty… These totals do not include the additional funds the state is poised to spend to maintain the current broken system...
In cases in which a defendant faces a maximum penalty of life without the possibility of parole, rather than the death penalty, there is no penalty phase trial at all. Thus, the government would not incur these costly expenditures if the death penalty were abolished…
The costs associated with death penalty trials that took place between 1983 and 2006 averaged about $1 million more per trial than the costs of average non–death penalty homicide trials. This conclusion is also supported by the fact that there are several significant, easily identifiable costs incurred in every death penalty trial that are not incurred in non–death penalty homicide.”
Cowritten with Paula M. Mitchell, JD, “Executing the Will of the Voters?: A Roadmap to Mend or End the California Legislature’s Multi-Billion-Dollar Death Penalty Debacle,” Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review, June 2011
Experts Individuals with MDs, JDs, PhDs, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to death penalty issues. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to death penalty issues.
Involvement and Affiliations:
Senior Judge, Ninth Circuit, US Court of Appeals, 1992-present
Recipient, Honorary Doctor of Laws, Southwestern Law School, 2007
Adjunct Professor, Loyola Marymount School of Law, 1993-1994
Adjunct Professor, Southwestern University School of Law, 1985-present
Judge, Ninth Circuit, US Court of Appeals, 1979-1992
Associate Justice, California Court of Appeal, 1978-1979
Superior Court Judge, Los Angeles County, 1964-1978
Chairman, Adult Authority (California Parole Board for Adult Men), 1964
Career Executive Secretary, Governor Edmund G. “Pat” Brown, 1962-1964
Legal Advisor, Governor Edmund G. “Pat” Brown, 1961-1962
Director, Special Study Commission on Narcotics, 1960-1961
Deputy District Attorney, Los Angeles County, 1952-1961
Private practice attorney, 1952
Staff Sergeant, 94th Infantry Division, US Army, 1943-1946