Last updated on: 9/12/2012 | Author: ProCon.org

Federal Capital Offenses

The US federal government lists 41 capital offenses that are punishable by death. See the full list below.

The capital offenses include espionage, treason, and death resulting from aircraft hijacking. However, they mostly consist of various forms of murder such as murder committed during a drug-related drive-by shooting, murder during a kidnapping, murder for hire, and genocide.

 CodeType of Crime
1.8 USC 1324Murder related to the smuggling of aliens
2.18 USC. 32

18 USC. 33

18 USC. 34
Destruction of aircraft, motor vehicles, or related facilities resulting in death
3..18 USC. 36Murder committed during a drug-related drive-by shooting
4.18 USC 37Murder committed at an airport serving international civil aviation
5. 18 USC 115

[by cross-reference to 18 USC 1111]
Retaliatory murder of a member of the immediate family of law enforcement officials
6.18 USC 241

18 USC 242

18 USC 245

18 USC 247
Civil rights offenses resulting in death
7.18 USC 351

[by cross-reference to 18 USC 1111]
Murder of a member of Congress, an important executive official, or a Supreme Court Justice
8.18 USC 794Espionage
9.18 USC 844Death resulting from offenses involving transportation of explosives, destruction of government property, or destruction of property related to foreign or interstate commerce
10.18 USC 924Murder committed by the use of a firearm during a crime of violence or a drug-trafficking crime
11.18 USC 930

[by cross-reference to 18 USC 1111]
Murder committed in a federal government facility
12.18 USC 1091Genocide
13.18 USC 1111First-degree murder
14.18 USC 1114

[by cross-reference to 18 USC 1111]
Murder of a federal judge or law enforcement official
15.18 USC 1116
[by cross-reference to 18 USC 1111]
Murder of a foreign official
16.18 USC 1118Murder by a federal prisoner
17.18 USC 1119

[by cross-reference to 18 USC 1111]
Murder of a US national in a foreign country
18.18 USC 1120

[by cross-reference to 18 USC 1111]
Murder by an escaped federal prisoner already sentenced to life imprisonment
19.18 USC 1121

[by cross-reference to 18 USC 1111]
Murder of a state or local law enforcement official or other person aiding in a federal investigation; murder of a State correctional officer
20.18 USC 1201Murder during a kidnapping
21.18 USC 1203Murder during a hostage taking
22.18 USC 1503

[by cross-reference to 18 USC 1111]
Murder of a court officer or juror
23.18 USC 1512

[by cross-reference to 18 USC 1111]
Murder with the intent of preventing testimony by a witness, victim, or informant
24.18 USC 1513

[by cross-reference to 18 USC 1111]
Retaliatory murder of a witness, victim, or informant
25.18 USC 1716Mailing of injurious articles with intent to kill or resulting in death
26.18 USC 1751

[by cross-reference to 18 USC 1111]
Assassination or kidnapping resulting in the death of the President or Vice President
27.18 USC 1958Murder for hire
28.18 USC 1959Murder involved in a racketeering offense
29.18 USC 1992Willful wrecking of a train resulting in death
30.18 USC 2113Bank-robbery-related murder or kidnapping
31.18 USC 2119Murder related to a carjacking
32.18 USC 2245Murder related to rape or child molestation
33.18 USC 2251Murder related to sexual exploitation of children
34.18 USC 2280Murder committed during an offense against maritime navigation
35.18 USC 2281Murder committed during an offense against a maritime fixed platform
36.18 USC 2332Terrorist murder of a US national in another country
37.18 USC 2332aMurder by the use of a weapon of mass destruction
38.18 USC 2340aMurder involving torture
39.18 USC 2381Treason
40.21 USC 848

(Anti Drug Abuse Act)
Murder related to a continuing criminal enterprise or related murder of a Federal, State, or local law enforcement officer
41.49 USC 46502Death resulting from aircraft hijacking

Source:

Bureau of Justice Statistics, “Capital Punishment, 2010 – Statistical Tables,” bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov (accessed Aug. 21, 2012)